World's biggest petroleum refinery complex opens in Jamnagar
Reliance Industries Ltd’s new refinery in western Gujarat state began processing crude this week, nearly doubling company output and creating the world’s biggest refining complex just as global demand retreats.
After reaching full capacity of 580,000 barrels per day (bpd), the $6 billion project, one of the most sophisticated in the world, will make the oil complex in Jamnagar the single-biggest supplier of fuels to the global market. It will pump out 1.24 million bpd of ultra-clean fuels to meet demand in Europe, Africa and the United States.
The refiner’s process configuration is being designed to maximise gasoline, alkylate, jet fuel and diesel output, as well as premium products such as 0.1 percent sulphur gasoline and diesel, while the production of residual fuel will be limited.
RPL refinery at a glance
- It is one of the world’s most complex refineries with a Nelson Complexity index of 14.0. This will enable the refinery to process heavy-crude varieties and produce superior quality products that meet stringent specifications, even beyond the forthcoming Euro IV norms.
- The high complexity will also present a significant competitive advantage in the current industry landscape of increasingly heavy and sour new crude discoveries. In addition, the widening light-heavy differentials in recent years will add to its competitiveness.
- RPL refinery is located adjacent to RIL’s existing refinery and petrochemicals complex, which is among the largest and most efficient complexes in the world. Through sharing of best practices and leveraging the existing infrastructure, RPL will stand to gain in the areas of operational efficiency, logistics, crude sourcing, product placement and risk management
- Close proximity to the Middle East. The result: lower ship turnaround time and reduced crude freight costs.
Pictures source: Reliance Petroleum website